Carbon capture and storage is the separation and capture of carbon dioxide from industrial process emissions, which are then released into the atmosphere and stored in geological formations deep underground. The captured carbon from industrial emissions, especially where CO2 concentrations are high, simplifies complex processes.
Industrial capture also compresses and transports carbon dioxide (CO2) ready for storage. Dastur Energy is a leading consulting organization and a carbon capture technology company providing innovative, end-to-end services for energy security, making clean energy transitions, and implementing affordable and sustainable energy systems
This technology prevents these emissions from entering the earth's atmosphere. When combined with bioenergy technologies for energy production, CCS can generate negative emissions by removing CO2 from the atmosphere. The main benefit of CCS is to reduce toxic carbon emissions and decarbonize the atmosphere to avoid irreparable damage to terrestrial ecosystems.
Currently, CCS is the only technology that can help reduce emissions from large industrial plants. While power plants can benefit from carbon capture, most CCS projects are industrial, originating from industries such as cement or steel and fertilizers.
If the captured CO2 is buried underground, the process is called Direct Air Capture Carbon and Storage. Several technologies can be used to capture carbon, including sorption, adsorption, chemical loop, gas hydrate technologies, and membrane gas separation.
The technology captures up to 90% of the CO2 emitted by the combustion of fossil fuels in power generation and industrial processes such as cement production. The strategy is to capture CO2 where it is produced in fossil fuel power plants and factories so that the greenhouse gas is not released into the air.